Turner thesis about the west

Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two.

Turner thesis about the west

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Franklin used the words frontier and West interchangeably and generally equated both of them with free land. He believed that the West was decisive in producing the phenomenal population growth of the society of his day and its "middle-class agrarianism.

His political and diplomatic exertions contributed considerably to insure that the West would be a part of the new nation he was helping to create.

Turner thesis about the west

Turner drew on his knowledge of evolution, and his own research into the fur trade frontier. The thesis dominated much of scholarship until the s.

It was then challenged by the "New Western Historians," who ignored its valid conclusions but instead charged that it ignored ethnic minorities and women and was too praiseworthy of the pioneers. Evolutionary model Turner set up an evolutionary model he had studied evolution with a leading geologistusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became the United States.

His argument was that the new environment had caused a rapid evolution of social and political characteristics, thereby creating the true "American.

They encountered a new environmental challenge that was quite different from what they had known. The most important difference was vast amounts of unused high quality farmland some of which was used by a few thousand Indians for hunting grounds.

They adapted to the new environment in certain ways — the sum of all the adaptations over the years would make them Americans. The next generation moved further inland. It discarded more European aspects that were no longer useful, for example established churches, established aristocracies, intrusive government, and control of the best land by a small gentry class.

Every generation moved further west and became more American, and the settlers became more democratic and less tolerant of hierarchy. They became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves.

Turner thesis about the west

In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. And because American life came increasingly to differ from European life, American ideas, American agencies of intellectual life, and the use made of knowledge likewise came to differ in America from their European counterparts.

Women The legal status of women in the 19th century trans-Mississippi West has drawn the attention of numerous interpreters, whose analyses fall into three types: It explained why the American people and American government were so different from Europeans. It sounded an alarming note about the future, since the U.

Census of had officially stated that the American frontier line separating the more-settled and lighty settled zones had broken up. Some talked about overseas expansion as a new frontier; others like John F. Kennedy called for a "new frontier" of achievement.

Valid Interpretation of American History? The major attacks and defenses of Turner. Strange Roads Going Down. Under an Open Sky: Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner: Milner, and Charles E.

Historical Interpretations, Nichols, Roger L. American Frontier and Western Issues:The Journal of the American West July Scanned, copy-edited, spell-checked, and tagged by Brooke Ramsay, 11/13/ IN less than ten years, American historians undoubtedly will be observing in an appropriate manner the centennial of the "Turner Thesis." It was on 12 luly , at an.

Frederick Jackson Turner, (born November 14, , Portage, Wisconsin, U.S.—died March 14, , San Marino, California), American historian best known for the “frontier thesis.” The single most influential interpretation of the American past, it proposed that the distinctiveness of the United.

Frederick Jackson Turner, (born November 14, , Portage, Wisconsin, U.S.—died March 14, , San Marino, California), American historian best known for the “frontier thesis.” The single most influential interpretation of the American past, it proposed that the distinctiveness of the United.

The thesis should belong in the introduction of the essay, your body paragraphs should all relate back to your thesis. The thesis is basically a statement that declares what y ou believe in. Turner stated his thesis simply.

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The settlement of the West by white people - "the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward" - was the central story of American history.

With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that continues to influence historical thinking.

PBS - THE WEST - Frederick Jackson Turner