Sample research proposal on teenage pregnancy

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Sample research proposal on teenage pregnancy

Gates of Vienna Introduction Participatory research methods are geared towards planning and conducting the research process with those people whose life-world and meaningful actions are under study.
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HPV vaccine - Wikipedia Approximately 60 percent of women who experience post-abortion sequelae report suicidal ideation, with 28 percent actually attempting suicide, of which half attempted suicide two or more times.
Blog Archive Introduction; Over the past few decades, teenage pregnancy has become a public concern which has generated a great deal of attention in the locality.

In males, Gardasil may reduce their risk of genital warts and precancerous lesions caused by HPV. This reduction in precancerous lesions might be predicted to reduce the rates of penile and anal cancer in men.

Gardasil has been shown to also be effective in preventing genital warts in males. Unlike the Gardasil-based vaccines, Cervarix does not protect against genital warts. Vaccination before adolescence, therefore, makes it more likely that the recipient has not been exposed to HPV. Since penile and anal cancers are much less common than cervical cancer, HPV vaccination of young men is likely to be much less cost-effective than for young women.

The panel's recommendation is intended to prevent genital warts and anal cancers in males, and possibly prevent head and neck cancer though the vaccine's effectiveness against head and neck cancers has not yet been proven.

New evidence suggests that all HPV vaccines are effective in preventing cervical cancer for women up to 45 years of age. In an investigational study, Gardasil reduced the incidence of HPV types 6, 11, 16 and related persistent infection and disease in women through age The study evaluated women who had not contracted at least one of the HPV types targeted by the vaccine by the end of the three-dose vaccination series.

Merck planned to submit this data before the end of to the FDA, and to seek an indication for Gardasil for women through age A recent analysis of data from a clinical trial of Cervarix found that this vaccine is just as effective at protecting women against persistent HPV 16 and 18 infection in the anus as it is at protecting them from these infections in the cervix.

Overall, about 30 percent of cervical cancers will not be prevented by these vaccines. Also, in the case of Gardasil, 10 percent of genital warts will not be prevented by the vaccine. Neither vaccine prevents other sexually transmitted diseases, nor do they treat existing HPV infection or cervical cancer.

In addition, the vaccines can reduce the need for medical care, biopsies, and invasive procedures associated with the follow-up from abnormal Pap tests, thus helping to reduce health care costs and anxieties related to abnormal Pap tests and follow-up procedures. Diane Harpera researcher for the HPV vaccines, has questioned weather the benefits of the vaccine outweigh its risks in countries where Pap smear screening is common.

Extensive clinical trial and post-marketing safety surveillance data indicate that both Gardasil and Cervarix are well tolerated and safe.

There is no proven causal link between the vaccine and serious adverse effects; VAERS reports include any reported effects whether coincidental or causal. VAERS receives reports on all potential associations between vaccines and adverse events. Additionally, there have been rare reports of blood clots forming in the heart, lungs, and legs.

However, a higher proportion of syncope fainting was seen with Gardasil than is usually seen with other vaccines. The FDA and CDC have reminded health care providers that, to prevent falls and injuries, all vaccine recipients should remain seated or lying down and be closely observed for 15 minutes after vaccination.

There are some factors that exclude people from receiving HPV vaccines. Patients with a hypersensitivity to yeast should not receive Gardasil since yeast is used in its production.

People with moderate or severe acute illnesses. This does not completely exclude patients from vaccination, but postpones the time of vaccination until the illness has improved. Overall, the proportions of pregnancies with an adverse outcome were comparable in subjects who received Gardasil and subjects who received placebo.

Currently, the vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women. HPV vaccines have not been causally related with adverse pregnancy outcomes or adverse effects on the fetus. However, data on vaccination during pregnancy is very limited and vaccination during the pregnancy term should be delayed until more information is available.

If a woman is found to be pregnant during the three-dose series of vaccination, the series will be postponed until pregnancy has been completed.

While there is no indication for intervention for vaccine dosages administered during pregnancy, patients and health-care providers are encouraged to report exposure to vaccines to the appropriate HPV vaccine pregnancy registry.

The virus possesses circular double stranded DNA and a viral shell that is composed of 72 capsomeres.

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Every subunit of the virus is composed of two proteins molecules, L1 and L2. The reason why this virus has the capability to affect the skin and the mucous layers is due to its structure. The primary structures expressed in these areas are E1 and E2, these proteins are responsible for the replication of the virus.

The structure of the virus is critical because this influences the infection affinity of the virus. Knowing the structure of the virus allowed for the development of an efficient vaccine, such as Gardasil and Cervarix.The Support Needs of Teenage Fathers Harald Breiding-Buss, Tyler Guise, Tony Scanlan, Terry Voice September Introduction - Why Supporting Teen.

Zoneā€™in Fact Sheet. A research review regarding the impact of technology on child development, behavior, and academic performance. Infants watch hours per day of TV, children use and teens 9 hours per day of entertainment technologies (cell phone, TV, internet).

teen pregnancy research paper. Teenage Pregnancy. Teenage Pregnancy: A Summary of Prevention Program Evaluation Results.

Sample research proposal on teenage pregnancy

Documents Similar To Research Proposal - Teenage Pregnancy. Research Paper. Uploaded by. Arianne Claire Sisles. an analysis on the cause and effects of early teenage pregnancy. Uploaded by. r_pahunang/5(3). Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines are vaccines that prevent infection by certain types of human papillomavirus.

Available vaccines protect against either two, four, or nine types of HPV. All vaccines protect against at least HPV type 16 and 18 that cause the greatest risk of cervical cancer.

It is estimated that they may prevent 70% of cervical cancer, 80% of anal cancer, 60% of vaginal. Browse M+ essays, research and term papers to jumpstart your assignment. Millions of students use us for homework, research and inspiration.

A proposal for research regarding the connection between teenage pregnancy and depression.

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