A typical North Dakota snowstorm blew through the town the night before and the team was informed it would not be leaving for two days.
Name[ edit ] In England, field hockey has been historically referred to as simply "hockey" and it is in historical references to field hockey that the name "hockey" first appears. A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage.
In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurlingthe closely related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey including " bandy ball ", played in England. It was played with a wooden curved bat called a colf or kolfa wooden or leather ball and two poles or nearby landmarkswith the objective to hit the chosen point using the least number of strokes.
A similar game knattleikr had been played for a thousand years or more by the Scandinavian peoples, as documented in the Icelandic sagas.
Polo has been referred to as "hockey on horseback". I must now describe to you the game of Hockey; we have each a stick turning up at the end. We get a bung. There are two sides one of them knocks one way and the other side the other way.
If any one of the sides makes the bung reach that end of the churchyard it is victorious. InJohn Franklin wrote "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" on Great Bear Lake during one of his Arctic expeditions.
A mids watercolour portrays New Brunswick lieutenant-governor Archibald Campbell and his family with British soldiers on skates playing a stick-on-ice sport. In another British Army officer in Kingston, Ontario wrote, "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice.
Canadian oral histories describe a traditional stick-and-ball game played by the Mi'kmaq, and Silas Tertius Rand in his Legends of the Micmacs describes a Mi'kmaq ball game known as tooadijik. Rand also describes a game played probably after European contact with hurleysknown as wolchamaadijik.
Canada's Royal Winter GameEarly 19th-century paintings depict shinney or "shinny"an early form of hockey with no standard rules which was played in Nova Scotia. The number of players was often large.
To this day, shinney derived from "shinty" is a popular Canadian  term for an informal type of hockeyeither ice or street hockey. Thomas Chandler Haliburtonin The Attache: Second Series published in imagined a dialogue, between two of the novel's characters, which mentions playing "hurly on the long pond on the ice".
This has been interpreted by some historians from Windsor, Nova Scotia as reminiscence of the days when the author was a student at King's College School in that town in and earlier. Hockey at McGill University, Montreal, While the game's origins lie elsewhere, Montreal is at the centre of the development of the sport of contemporary ice hockey, and is recognized as the birthplace of organized ice hockey.
Instead of a ball or bung, the game featured a "flat circular piece of wood"  to keep it in the rink and to protect spectators. The goal posts were 8 feet 2. Ingames played in Montreal were "conducted under the 'Hockey Association' rules";  the Hockey Association was England's field hockey organization.
InThe Gazette Montreal published a list of seven rules, six of which were largely based on six of the Hockey Association's twelve rules, with only minor differences even the word "ball" was kept ; the one added rule explained how disputes should be settled.
The McGill team won the tournament and was awarded the "Carnival Cup". The positions were now named: Moritz, Switzerland; however, this is undocumented.Connect. Discover. Share.
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